One Hundred and Sixty Six years ago the last formal battle was fought furiously and ended in a draw. On January 8, 1847 there was a brief skirmish on the banks of the Rio de San Gabriel. The following day saw the last battle on California soil. The Californios made their final stand on the banks of the Rio de Los Angeles but withdrew after light artillery fire.
Captain John Fremont, in command of the California Battalion, fought a battle at Natividad in the Salinas Valley, with perhaps the loss of five lives on each side. The battalion marched southward, slowed more by mud and rain than by the enemy. On January 13, 1847, the remnants of the command of Andres Pico capitulated to Fremont at Cahuenga, formally ending hostilities.